The Global Asthma Report 2018

Glossary of Abbreviations

ADF

Asthma Drug Facility


COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease


CRDs

Chronic Respiratory Diseases


DALYs

Disability adjusted life years


EML

Essential Medicines List


FIRS

Forum of International Respiratory Societies


GAN

Global Asthma Network


GARD

Global Alliance against Chronic Respiratory Diseases


GBD

Global Burden of Disease Survey


GINA

Global Initiative on Asthma


HICs

High-Income Countries


ICS

Inhaled Corticosteroids


ISAAC

International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood


LABA

Long-Acting β2-agonist


LICs

Low-Income Countries


LMICs

Low- and Middle-Income Countries


MIAS

Comprehensive Health Care Model (Colombia)


MoH

Ministry of Health


NCDs

Non-Communicable Diseases


NGO

Non-Governmental Organisation


OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development


PAIS

Comprehensive Health Care Policy (Colombia)


PATS

Pan African Thoracic Society


PeNSE

National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (Brazil)


RDF

Revolving Drug Fund


RIAS

Integral Health Care Routes (Colombia)


SABA

Short-Acting β2-agonist


SCM

Standard Case Management


SDGs

Sustainable Development Goals


The Union

The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease


TRIPS

Trade-Related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights


UHC

Universal Health Coverage


UN

United Nations


WHO

World Health Organization


YLD

Years Lived with Disability


YLL

Years of Life Lost


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The global epidemic of NCDs is a major and growing challenge to development.